2017-10-28

Difference between Station, Junction, Central and Terminus in Indian Railways

Do you know what is the difference between what is called a station, a junction, a terminus, and Central in Indian Railways?


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Primarily 4 kinds of stations can be seen in India:


  • Station:

A station is a place where a train stops for a few minutes for passengers to get in/out of the train, or for freight to be carried in a train.

railway staion in India
A railway station in India


  • Junction:

A junction is a station which has at least three different routes for trains. For a train coming in from a route, there should be at least two more routes for it to leave the station.

a railway junction
See the number of routes - Vijayawada Railway Station

Few railway junctions in India:

  1. Allahabad Junction
  2.  Ghaziabad Junction
  3.  Howrah Junction

  • Central

    The busiest station of multiple stations in a city or district is called the central. For example, Kanpur Central (CNB). It is usually very large and a large number of trains visit it every day.

    Although there are centrals in our country, still it is not necessary to have a central in a district having multiple railway stations.
    a central station in India
    Mumbai Central

These are the main five centrals in our country:

    • Kanpur Central (CNB)
    • Mangalore Central (MAQ)
    • Mumbai Central (BCT)
    • Trivandrum Central (TVC)
    • Chennai Central (MAS)
  • Terminus:

A terminus is a station where a route/track ends. A train can only leave in one direction from a terminus.

a terminus station in India
Victoria terminus/Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus inner view

Few important terminus stations in India:

    • Bandra Terminus (BDTS)
    • Howrah Terminus (HWH)
    • Bhavnagar Terminus (BVC)
    • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST)
    • Cochin Harbour Terminus (CHTS)
    • Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT)
    • Yavatmal Terminus (YTL)




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